The Social Entrepreneurship Act (orig. (ZSocP) (Official Gazette of RS 20/2011) was passed in 2011 with the support of all parliamentary parties that defines:
- General conditions: Social entrepreneurship and its goals, Principles and demands of social entrepreneurship, Fields and activities of social entrepreneurship, Special Conditions for employment, Jurisdictions in the field of social entrepreneurship.
- Social enterprise: Definition of social enterprise, Limitations, Associations of social enterprises, Non-profitability rule, the Statement of social enterprise, Responsibilities and obligations, Application form for social enterprise, Registration of social enterprise, the use of directives, Obligation of regulatory bodies, Access to status of social enterprise, Reporting, Prohibition of operation and termination of status, Monitoring of operation and sub-law documents.
- Special conditions of operation: Accounting, Membership rules, Participation of employees, volunteers and other users in management, Work in social enterprise, Distribution of profit and excess of income, Status changes, Liquidation of social enterprise.
- Supportive environment: Development planning of social entrepreneurship, Implementation of politics in the field of social entrepreneurship, Jurisdiction of Municipalities, Fostering of social entrepreneurship, Assurance of resources, Financial support, Beneficiaries.
- Special incentives for social entrepreneurship: Special incentives for employment (disabled and vulnerable target groups), Other special incentives.
- Evidences: the evidence of social enterprises.
- Monitoring: Monitoring, Bodies that decide about offences.
- Violence provisions.
- Transitional and final provisions.
According to the Act, the ministry responsible for its implementation is Ministry of Economic Development and Technology, which keeps record of social enterprises (register), and organises different presentations and debates on social entrepreneurship for different target groups. A Council for Social Entrepreneurship was established as a governmental body. It is responsible for policy design and guidance in the area and is composed of representatives of all ministries except the Foreign Affairs one, and two representatives of social enterprises, one representative of social partners and one expert). Another Act important for the development of social enterprises is Supportive Environment for Entrepreneurship Act (Official Gazette, 102/2007; amendments in 57/2012 and 82/2013).
The Act on Social Entrepreneurship defines two types of social enterprises: type A, which is characterised by performing activities defined in the Regulation on Determination of Activities of Social Entrepreneurship, and type B, which is a work integration type (employing people from vulnerable groups). The following groups are defined as vulnerable (target groups for employment in social enterprises): the disabled, the unemployed persons that are hard-to-employ due to lasting physical or mental problems, the very long-term unemployed (over 24 months), the first time job seekers, the people aged over 55, the Roma people, the young drop-outs from primary and secondary education, the ex-prisoners for one year after serving the sentence, the refugees included in the integration programmes, drug and alcohol abusers that are in the rehabilitation programmes or up to two years after the rehabilitation programmes, and the homeless people.
The Slovenian experience shows that legislation on social entrepreneurship is not necessary an incentive for establishment and development of social enterprises in itself. Even more, if the area is overregulated this can potentially hinder the development of social enterprises. Still, the good examples from Slovenia can be observed here:
ZDRUŽENJE EPEKA so.p. is a scientific research association for art, cultural and educational programs, and technology EPEKA. They are a multidisciplinary organisation, active in the fields of culture, art, education, youth, ecology, research and social enterprise. They work on local, national, and international level and have branches in Turkish Sinopu, Austrian Graz, Czech Breclavu, and Armenian Yerevan. They founded the first Gypsy restaurant to Romani Kafenava in Europe, that works on the principle of social enterprise.
Founded for intention of cooperation at Maribor 2012-the European capital of culture, they suggested candidacy to the Municipality of Maribor for Maribor 2013-the European capital of the young’s and Maribor 2020-the European capital of Gypsies is now in procedure.
The mission of Institute Carnus, so.p. is conservation of nature and with this creation of new green positions. It is founded with an intention to search for solutions and stimulation of social solidarity with innovative approaches.
The activity in charge is the conservation of nature, stimulation to re-usage of already discarded objects, informing the public on the meaning of disabling and reusable of waste.
The mission of CPU is to encourage employability of people with special needs and their integration into the labour market; to search for innovative ideas for addressing the current challenges of society and to help others; to understand why these ideas must be realised.
The basic strategic goal of CPU is production of innovative products, improving at the same time the participation of people with special needs into the labour market through ensuring of activity of repeated use. The goal is to ensure employability regardless of specific difficulties and circumstances (economic, political, social, and health) and also to be saving challenges of contemporary consumerism.